The Difference Between Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa

 In edu

Walking into a cannabis dispensary for the first time can be intimidating, but knowing the difference between indica and sativa will help us get acclimated more quickly.
Indica and sativa are different species of the cannabis plant, a flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family. These plants are indigenous to central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Hemp can be grown and used to make tons of items like rope, medicinal oils, hemp ‘concrete’, and more. This type of cannabis is separate from C. Indica and C. Sativa, which contain the psychoactive cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Cannabis originates in Asia and humans spread it around the world. We live in the age of hybrid after hybrid, so much so that many have forgotten where it all began. Landrace strains are “feral” cultivars or spread by humans and have adapted to the growing conditions in their location. Landrace strains mark the genetic origins of the cannabis plant.

Landrace Cannabis Strains:

  • Colombian Gold
  • Durban Poison
  • Afghan Kush
  • Hindu Kush
  • Northern Lights
  • Acapulco Gold
  • Panama Red
  • Thai
  • Punto Rojo
  • G13
  • Hawaiian
  • Rooibard

Cannabis Indica

Plants that are growing indica flowers are generally short and bushy. These strains tend to be sedative and relaxing. They are ideal for stress and anxiety relief, pain and inflammation relief, and as a sleep aid. On the flip side, however, Indica strains can be exceptionally sedative. For this reason, always smoke a new Indica strain for the first time at home in the evening after everything is finished for the day.

Common Indica Strains:

  • Granddaddy Purple
  • Bubba Kush
  • Afghani
  • Holy Grail Kush
  • Gorilla Glue

Cannabis Sativa

Different than the indica plant, sativas tend to grow tall with more spindly leaves. This is why many choose to grow their sativa strains outdoors. These strains tend to have a more uplifting, brain oriented effect. Many believe automatically that this means that Sativas are a daytime strain. However they can cause anxiety and 100% sativa strains aren’t recommended for everyone. These are great strains for relieving depression and fatigue, reducing symptoms of ADHD, and helping with other mood disorders.

Common Sativa Strains:

  • Super Lemon Haze
  • Durban Poison
  • Casey Jones
  • Green Crack
  • Sour Diesel

Though these are great guidelines, everybody is different. Make sure to try new strains in small amounts to understand their effects. And as always, while at the dispensary, the nose knows. Trust that your nostrils will be happy when smelling a strain that you’ll like, oftentimes this can help choose between two strains while at the counter.

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